Severe Anemia…

What is severe Anemia? Severe anemia is a condition in which a person has a marked decrease in the number of circulating healthy red blood cells in the body.

• Chronic diseases such as cancer or rheumatoid arthritis
• Kidney malfunction
• Problems with bone marrow
• Problems with the immune system that cause the destruction of blood cell precursors
• Pregnancy
• Blood loss (ex. Heavy menstruation)
• Poor diet
• Surgery to the stomach or intestines that reduces the absorption of iron, vitamin B12, or folic acid

Symptoms (associated with pregnant woman)
• Fatigue
• Weakness
• Dizziness
• Headaches
• Palpitations
• Reduced physical activity capacity

Other symptoms specific to iron deficiency such as:
• Reduced cognitive abilities
• Emotional instability
• Depression
• Restless legs

Can cause low oxygen supply to vital organs (i.e. heart)

The treatment used is directed towards the cause of the anemia, which may include:
• Blood transfusions
• Corticosteroids that suppress the immune system
• Erythropoietin, which helps promote the production of blood cells in bone marrow
• Supplements of iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid

See also Anemia in Pregnant Teens

Pubmed Health
Anemia—still a Major Health Problem in Many Parts of the World (Milman)

…return to Medical Complications